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Home » Archive » The Precautionary Principle In The Administrative Management Of Epidemiological Emergencies: From Ad Hoc Response Measures To Advance Planning Policies

Francesco de Leonardis
The Precautionary Principle In The Administrative Management Of Epidemiological Emergencies: From Ad Hoc Response Measures To Advance Planning Policies
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The emergency unleashed by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has produced a tsunami-like wave of changes not only on the medical, economic and social levels but on a legal level as well. Since the end of February 2020, the Italian legal system has been inundated by a veritable flood of resolutions and other types of legal acts. One may consider the resolutions passed by the Council of Ministers (Italian cabinet) that declared a state of emergency and subsequently extended it, the prime ministerial decrees (more than twenty), or the decree-laws  which are sometimes converted into permanent "confirmed" laws (almost thirty, among which we have the ‘Cura Italia’ decree, the "Rilancio" decree and the series of ‘Ristori’ decrees). There have also been ordinances from the extraordinary commissioner for the implementation and coordination of Covid-19 measures (more than thirty) and other civil protection ordinances (more than fifty). Beyond this, there have been ordinances and decrees from a number of ministries, first and foremost from the Ministry of Health (more than forty), but also from the Ministry of the Economy, the Interior, Infrastructure and Transport, Labor, Economic Development, Education, Agricultural Policies, Civil Service, Justice, the Environment, and Foreign Affairs. Looking at different levels of government, we have seen ordinances from the presidents of the various Italian regions, as well as the contingent local ordinances and other urgent ordinances of the municipalities.

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