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Home » Archive » Fighting Corruption Through Administrative Measures. The Italian Anti-Corruption Policies

Enrico Carloni
Fighting Corruption Through Administrative Measures. The Italian Anti-Corruption Policies
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There is a widely shared perception that corruption in Italy is a pervasive and systemic phenomenon which affects society as a whole: corruption contributes to undermining confidence in public institutions, distorts competition in the economic sphere (in particular, with regard to public contracts), causes an enormous increase in average costs (and delays) for the provision of infrastructure, favours the poor quality of public works, and constitutes an untenable economic weight for a country that has been in economic crisis for more than five years. In response to this problem, since 2012, Italy has launched a policy to combat corruption, centered not on a purely repressive approach, but on a perspective of prevention, and containment of the risk of corruption. The following article provides an overview of recent reforms and their different approaches and measures to prevent corruption in Italy, beginning with administrative anti-corruption policies, the tasks of the National Anti-Corruption Authority and anti-corruption prevention plans, ongoing with measures for riskavoidance and codes of conduct until approaches to combat corruption by transparency and the Italian “freedom of information act”. There are many unresolved issues and uncertainties in the Italian anti-corruption policies: even within these limitations, and considering the “work in progress”, the “administrative” fight against corruption remains one of the most important innovations in the Italian administrative system in the decade.

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