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Giuseppe de Vergottini
Is Freedom Of Thought Still Relevant?
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The most recent broadcast technologies do nothing other than enrich constitutionalism. They simultaneously maintain guarantees in order to ensure the full exercise of freedom of thought and determine which limits of it must inevitably be accepted. This freedom of thought lies at the root of all political debate and is inherent to ideological pluralism. Freedom of thought may be exercised in different ways, for example, by simply expressing an opinion by virtue of the right of criticism, by the freedom of the press, and by the complex engagement with information right through to the right to satire. A satirical message may enter into conflict with constitutional rights to honour, decorum or reputation and thus, as is the case for freedom of the press and the right to criticism, it is necessary to weigh up the interests in conflict. Freedom of thought, in its various manifestations, is necessary subject to limits. One of the most debated issues nowadays concerns the rules applicable to the internet, which potentially impinge upon various consolidated constitutional rights. The direct circulation of opinions and information through the web has proved to be one of the now sacrosanct characteristics of modern communications systems, which have proved to be essential for politics and the economy. The matter has been considered both by states and international institutions. The case law is thus fluid and in practically all countries the constitutional courts have been called upon to fill in gaps in the law.

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