Roberto Cavallo Perin
Beyond the Municipality: The City, its Rights and its Rites
The book by Jean-Bernard is very fine. In common with every fine book that is destined to become a classic, it sparks off innovatory thinking, which I have attempted to summarise in seven theories and in reflection on method.
First theory. Everyone has stressed the need for a legal space for the city. The city may be regarded as an autonomous subject of legal discipline. The city1 and the comune (municipality) may be seen as two different legal realities, and we should echo Santi Romano2 in saying that the city is “Oltre il comune” (“Beyond the municipality”).
This may explain why in treatises on municipalities nobody has taken a serious look at the city. A new viewpoint is now emerging3, which should not make us criticise the past.