Tommaso Edoardo Frosini
Access to Internet as a Fundamental Right
Assuming that technology represents a development of freedoms, the article analyzes how in a constitutional and liberal State the Internet and the use of technologies in general is employed as a strategic tool to foster and enforce individuals freedoms. According to the author, the Internet constitutes an important instrument for increasing democracy, because it guarantees the transparency of the political acting, ensuring the pluralism of information. In this perspective, the legal horizon of the Internet includes not only the right to privacy, but it can also be extended to the freedom of expression. The informatic freedom is qualified as a new right, resulted from the evolution of technological society, which shows a new aspect of the wellestablished idea of personal liberty. This particular right has become a claim of liberty in the active sense, perceived as the freedom to make use of computer in order to provide and obtain information of any kind or as the right to join the digital society and communicate to whoever. Therefore, the author amounts to the right to access to the Internet as a social right, or better, as an individual claim to a state’s performance (like services such as education, health and welfare) and through comparative references shows how some countries have recognized the access to the Internet as a fundamental right of individuals, considered as a universal service that they must guarantee to their citizens by investments of public resources and social or educational policies.