Bernardo Giorgio Mattarella
Government Ethics: The Strange Italian “Conflict Of Interests”
This paper is divided into three parts. Each part is devoted to four issues, which are always the same: the definition of conflict of interests; the scope of its regulation; the remedies for such situations; and the control and punishment mechanisms.
In the first part of the paper, these issues are addressed in general terms. In the second part, they are considered in a comparative perspective. The third part focuses on the Italian legislation and particularly on the cabinet members. The relative statute contains a very unusual definition of conflict of interests. It uses only one of the possible remedies, the disqualification, but under its provisions establishing the grounds for disqualification and proving a violation is practically impossible. The main provision of the statute, in fact, is a fake one.