Administrative procedures: twenty years on
This article argues that the law governing administrative procedures has a fundamental importance. Not only has it limited the discretionary powers of public authorities in order to prevent them from degrading into arbitrariness, but it has also introduced a set of legal instruments aiming at simplifying administrative action and liberalizing economic activities, in line with the principles of freedom enshrined in the EU legal order (and in part by the Italian Constitution itself). A retrospective of the last twenty years cannot ignore the fact that many elements of change have been attenuated by public administrations. Neither politicians nor la doctrine have always contrasted these obstacles tothe enforcement of Law No 241/90. This has, however, contributed to addressing a significant part of the relationship between citizens and public administrations. It is for this reason that it should be considered a milestone in the Italian administrative system.